Optimizing Care to Prevent Diabetes and Promote Cardiovascular Health Among Younger Adults with Severe Mental Illness

Grant Details

Funder: NIMH

Grant number: 1K23MH126078

Grant period: 4/1/2022 – 3/31/2027

Brief narrative: People with severe mental illness (SMI) face double the risk for type 2 diabetes compared to the general population, contributing to higher rates of cardiovascular disease and premature death. Common use of antipsychotic medications contributes to these health risks due to prevalent metabolic side effects. Many younger adults with SMI do not receive targeted, evidence-based cardiometabolic disease prevention care. Underused strategies include: prescribing alternative, less obesogenic psychotropic medications; lifestyle change supports; additional risk-reducing medications; and smoking cessation therapies. Our preliminary qualitative data with patients and clinicians identified a need for tools to match prevention care to individuals’ risk level and preferences, and tools suited to population-based care strategies. Clinical Decision Support (CDS) tools are computer algorithms that use patients’ data, predictive analytics, and clinical guidelines to promote evidence-based care by helping patients and clinicians navigate complex treatment decisions. Through this mentored K23 career development award, Esti Iturralde, PhD will build upon her background as a clinical psychologist and behavioral diabetes researcher. Through planned mentoring, coursework, and career development activities, Dr. Iturralde will gain a strong understanding of psychopharmacology and cardiometabolic health, advanced predictive analytics, and implementation science, including methods for stakeholder-engaged intervention design and pragmatic clinical trials. As a researcher in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) Division of Research (DOR), she will leverage robust, longitudinal electronic health record (EHR) data (> 50,000 adults from diverse racial/ethnic groups) and stakeholder insights (patients, clinicians, and health system decision-makers) within health systems including KPNC and 2 others belonging to the NIMH-funded Mental Health Research Network (HealthPartners Institute and Henry Ford Health System). The proposed research will support the training goals while contributing to the development of a novel CDS tool seeking to increase targeted, evidence-based diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention care for adults under age 45 who are starting antipsychotic medications. Specific research aims are to: (1) inform predictive analytics of the CDS tool by developing and validating diabetes risk prediction models for the target population; (2) engage stakeholders in the design of CDS tool messaging and implementation pathways; and field-test CDS tool messaging through a pragmatic clinical trial conducted within an existing KPNC telehealth-based population management program serving this population. A future R01 application will build on the results from this project to further refine and test the CDS tool within multiple health systems. The linked research and training aims will directly prepare Dr. Iturralde for success as an embedded health system researcher and prepare her to lead a programmatic line of studies developing and implementing data-driven, feasible, scalable interventions improving the cardiometabolic health of people with SMI.

Lead site: KPNC (PI Esti Iturralde)

Current Status

Summary of Findings